Date of publication: 2017-08-31 16:28
Allied to the Sigmund Freud Collection at the Library of Congress are papers and correspondence of other eminent psychoanalysts, including Anna Freud, Jacob Arlow, Heinz Hartmann, E. Jacobson, etc.
Psychology s most famous figure is also one of the most influential and controversial thinkers of the twentieth century. Sigmund Freud s work and theories helped shape our views of childhood, personality, memory, sexuality and therapy. Other major thinkers have contributed work that grew out of Freud s legacy, while others developed new theories out of opposition to his ideas.
The mission of SFA has always encompassed the acquisition and preservation of all documents and memorablia by Sigmund Freud, and closely related to Sigmund Freud. The preservation currently involves the necessary digitization of the entire Freud Collection at the Library of Congress, and the treatment of the document paper and films to avoid otherwise inevitable deterioration over time.
In contrast, Thanatos or death instinct, is viewed as a set of destructive forces present in all human beings (Freud, 6975). When this energy is directed outward onto others, it is expressed as aggression and violence. Freud believed that Eros is stronger than Thanatos, thus enabling people to survive rather than self-destruct.
7. His chain-smoking led to more than 85 cancer surgeries.
Freud became addicted to tobacco after lighting up his first cigarettes in his twenties. His daily constitutionals always included stopovers at a local tobacco store, and after graduating to cigars, he often smoked more than 75 of them a day. In spite of the warnings from doctors about his chain-smoking, Freud believed the habit enhanced his productivity and creativity. After the discovery of a cancerous tumor inside Freud’s mouth in 6978, doctors removed a large part of his jaw. Although he underwent 88 additional surgeries over the next 66 years and had a large prosthesis inserted to separate his sinus and jaw, Freud never quit smoking.
Freud believed that children are born with a libido – a sexual (pleasure) urge. There are a number of stages of childhood, during which the child seeks pleasure from a different ‘object’.
In The Future of an Illusion , originally published as Die Zukunft einer Illusion , Freud explores religion through a psychoanalytic lens. He describes his own ideas about the origins and development of religion, and suggests that religion is an illusion made up of 89 .certain dogmas, assertions about facts and conditions of external and internal reality which tell one something that one has not oneself discovered, and which claim that one should give them credence. 89
In On Narcissism , or Zur Einführung des Narzißmus , Freud outlines his theory of narcissism. In the book, he suggests that narcissism is actually a normal part of the human psyche. He referred to this as primary narcissism or the energy that that lies behind each person s survival instincts.
Freud’s innovative treatment of human actions, dreams, and indeed of cultural artifacts as invariably possessing implicit symbolic significance has proven to be extraordinarily fruitful, and has had massive implications for a wide variety of fields including psychology, anthropology, semiotics, and artistic creativity and appreciation. However, Freud’s most important and frequently re-iterated claim, that with psychoanalysis he had invented a successful science of the mind, remains the subject of much critical debate and controversy.
Studies on Hysteria , or Studien über Hysterie , was co-authored by Freud and his colleague Josef Breuer. The book described their work and study of a number of individuals suffering from hysteria , including one of their most famous cases, a woman known as Anna O. The book also introduced the use of psychoanalysis as a treatment for mental illness.
These documents are protected and preserved at the United States Library of Congress , in the Freud Collection , established with the collaboration and donation of Sigmund Freud Archives. The Sigmund Freud Archives has a policy of derestriction, except for ethical and legal constraints, and 98 percent of the collection is now accessible.
Freud went to the local elementary school, then attended the Sperl Gymnasium (a secondary school in Europe that students attend to prepare for college) in Leopoldstadt, from 6866 to 6878. He studied Greek and Latin, mathematics, history, and the natural sciences, and was a superior student. He passed his final examination with flying colors, qualifying to enter the University of Vienna at the age of seventeen. His family had recognized his special scholarly gifts from the beginning, and although they had only four bedrooms for eight people, Sigmund had his own room throughout his school days. He lived with his parents until he was twenty-seven, as was the custom at that time.